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Diagnosis and Layout Aware (DLA) Scan Chain Stitching

Diagnosis and Layout Aware (DLA) Scan Chain Stitching Without appropriate stitching of scan chains, even with good diagnosis algorithm and diagnostic pattern generation, the chain diagnostic resolution may still be bad. In this paper, we propose a novel pattern-independent diagnosis and layout aware (DLA) scan chain stitching method: 1) the resolution is improved by increasing and properly distributing the sensitive scan cells, which can capture useful diagnostic information under both single- and multiple-fault situations; and 2) the scan cell layout placement is taken into account to reduce routing overhead and hence preserve the chip performance. Experiments using two different techniques to diagnose ISCAS’89/ITC’99 benchmark circuits with/without embedded scan compaction show the effectiveness of the proposed method in improving the diagnostic resolution. Impacts on chip performance, embedded scan compaction, transition fault coverage, and test power dissipation are negligible. The proposed method is also successfully applied to an industry circuit manufactured with 20-nm technology. The silicon results show 7× average resolution improvement comparing to without using the DLA scan chain stitching.

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